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Letter from John Keats, to his brother
regarding his ascent of Ben Nevis (with related Cameron lore)
August 3, 1818

Letter Findlay, August 3 [1818]
Ah mio Ben.

My dear Tom - We have made but poor progress lately, chiefly from bad weather, for my throat is in a fair way of getting quite well, so I have had nothing of consequence to tell you till yesterday when we went up Ben Nevis, the highest Mountain in Great Britain.  On that account I will never ascend another in this empire - Skiddaw is nothing to it either in height or in difficulty.  It is above 4300 feet from the Sea Level, and Fortwilliam stands at the head of a Salt water Lake, consequently we took it completely from that level.  I am heartily glad it is done - it is almost like a fly crawling up a wainscoat.  Imagine the task of mounting ten Saint Pauls without the convenience of Staircases.  We set out about five in the morning with a Guide in the Tartan and Cap, and soon arrived at the foot of the first ascent which we immediately began upon.  After much fag and tug and a rest and a glass of whisky apiece we gained the top of the first rise and saw then a tremendous chap above us, which the guide said was still far from the top.  After the first Rise our way lay along a heath valley in which there was a Loch - after about a Mile in this Valley we began upon the next ascent, more formidable by far than the last, and kept mounting with short intervals of rest until we got above all vegetation, among nothing but loose Stones which lasted us to the very top.   The Guide said we had three Miles of a stony ascent - we gained the first tolerable level after the valley to the height of what in the Valley we had thought the top and saw still above us another huge crag which still the Guide said was not the top - to that we made with an obstinate far, and having gained it there came on a Mist, so that from that part to the very top we walked in a Mist.  The whole immense head of the Mountain is composed of large loose stones - thousands of acres.  Before we had got halfway up we passed large patches of snow and near the top there is a chasm some hundred feet deep completely glutted with it. - Talking of chasms they are the finest wonder of the whole - they appear great rents in the very heart of the mountain though they are not, being at the side of it, but other huge crags arising round it give the appearance to Nevis of a shattered heart or Core in itself.  These Chasms are 1500 feet in depth and are the most tremendous places I have ever seen - they turn one giddy if you choose to give way to it.  We tumbled in large stones and set the echoes at work in fine style. Sometimes these chasms are tolerably clear, sometimes there is a misty cloud which seems to steam up and sometimes they are entirely smothered with clouds.

After a little time the Mist cleared away but still there were large Clouds about attracted by old Ben to a certain distance so as to form, as it appeared large dome curtains which kept sailing about, opening and shutting at intervals here and there and everywhere: so that although we did not see one vast wide extent of prospect all round we saw something perhaps finer - these cloud-veils opening with a dissolving motion and showing us the mountainous region beneath as through a loophole - these cloudy loopholes ever varying and discovering fresh prospect east, west, north and south.  Then it was misty again, and again it was fair - then puff came a cold breeze of wind and bared a craggy chap we had not yet seen though in close neighbourhood.  Every now and then we had overhead blue Sky clear and the sun pretty warm.  I do not know whether I can give you an Idea of the prospect from a large Mountain top.  You are on a stony plain which of course makes you forget you are on any but low ground - the horizon or rather edges of this plain being above 4000 feet above the Sea hide all the Country immediately beneath you, so that the next object you see all round next to the edges of the flat top are the Summits of Mountains of some distance off.  As you move about on all sides you see more or less of the near neighbour country according as the Mountain you stand upon is in different parts steep or rounded - but the most new thing of all is the sudden leap of the eye from the extremity of what appears a plain into so vast a distance.   On one part of the top there is a handsome pile of Stones done pointedly by some soldiers of artillery; I clim[b]ed on to them and so got a little higher than old Ben himself.  It was not as cold as I expected - yet cold enough for a glass of Whisky now and then.  There is not a more fickle thing than the top of a Mountain - what would a Lady give to change her head-dress as often and with as little trouble! - There are a good many red deer upon Ben Nevis - we did not see one - the dog we had with us kept a very sharp look out and really languished for a bit of a worry.  I have said nothing yet of our getting on among the loose stones large and small sometimes on two, sometimes on three, sometimes four legs - sometimes two and a stick, sometimes three and stick, then four again, then two, then a jump, so that we kept on ringing changes on foot, hand, stick, jump, boggle, stumble, foot, hand, foot (very gingerly), stick again, and then again a game on all fours.  After all there was one Mrs. Cameron of 50 years of age and the fattest woman in all Inverness-shire who got up this Mountain some few years ago - true she had her servants - but then she had her self.   She ought to have hired Sisyphus, - "Up the high hill he heaves a huge round - Mrs. Cameron."   'Tis said a little conversation took place between the mountain and the Lady.  After taking a glass of Whisky as she was tolerably seated at ease she thus began -

Mrs. C

Upon my Life Sir Nevis I am pique'd
That I have so far panted tugg'd and reek'd
To do an honor to your old bald pate
And now am sitting on you just to bait,
Without your paying me one compliment.
Alas 'tis so with all, when our intent
Is plain, and in the eye of all Mankind
We fair ones show a preference, too blind!
You Gentle man immediately turn tail -
O let me then my hapless fate bewail!
Ungrateful Baldpate have I not disdain'd
The pleasant Valleys - have I not madbrain'd
Deserted all my Pickles and preserves
My China closet too - with wretched Nerves
To boot - say wretched ingrate have I not
Left my soft cushion chair and caudle pot.
'Tis true I had no corns - no! than the fates
My shoemaker was always Mr. Bates.
And if not Mr. Bates why I'm not old!
Still dumb ungrateful Nevis - still so cold!

Here the Lady took some more whisky and was putting even more to her lips when she dashed it to the Ground for the Mountain began to grumble - which continued for a few minutes before he thus began -

Ben Nevis.

What whining bit of tongue and Mouth thus dares
Disturb my slumber of a thousand years?
Even so long my sleep has been secure -
And to be so awakened I'll not endure.
Oh pain - for since the Eagle's earliest scream
I've had a damn'd confounded ugly dream,
A Nightmare sure. What Madam was it you?
It cannot be! My old eyes are not true!
Red-Crag, my Spectacles! Now let me see!
Good Heavens Lady how the gemini
Did you get here? O I shall split my sides!
I shall earthquake -

Mrs. C.

Sweet Nevis do not quake, for though I love
Your honest Countenance all things above
Truly I should not like to be convey'd
So far into your Bosom - gentle Maid
Loves not too rough a treatment gentle Sir -
Pray thee be calm and do not quake nor stir
No not a Stone or I shall go in fits -

Ben Nevis.

I must - I shall - I meet not such tit bits -
I meet not such sweet creatures every day -
By my old night cap night cap night and day
I must have one sweet Buss - I must and shall!
Red Crag! - What Madam can you then repent
Of all the toil and vigour you have spent
To see Ben Nevis and to touch his nose?
Red Crag I say! O I must have them close!
Red Crag, there lies beneath my farthest toe
A vein of Sulphur - go dear Red Crag, go -
And rub your flinty back against it - budge!
Dear Madam I must kiss you, faith I must!
I must Embrace you with my dearest gust!
Block-head, d'ye hear - Blockhead I'll make her feel
There lies beneath my east leg's northern heel
A cave of young earth dragons - well my boy
Go thither quick and so complete my joy
Take you a bundle of the largest pines
And when the sun on fiercest Phosphor shines
Fire them and ram them in the Dragon's nest
Then will the dragons fry and fizz their best
Until ten thousand now no bigger than
Poor Alligators - poor things of one span -
Will each one swell to twice ten times the size
Of northern whale - then for the tender prize -
The moment then - for then will Red Crag rub
His flinty back - and I shall kiss and snub
And press my dainty morsel to my breast.
Block-head make haste!

                                            O Muses weep the rest -

The Lady fainted and he thought her dead
So pulled the clouds again about his head
And went to sleep again - soon she was rous'd
By her affrighted servants - next day hous'd
Safe on the lowly ground she bless'd her fate
That fainting fit was not delayed too late.

But what surprises me above all is how this lady got down again. I felt it horribly.  'Twas the most vile descent - shook me all to pieces.  Over leaf you will find a Sonnet I wrote on the top of Ben Nevis.  We have just entered Inverness.  I have three Letters from you and one from Fanny - and one from Dilke.  I would set about crossing this all over for you but I will first write to Fanny and Mrs. Wylie.  Then I will begin another to you and not before because I think it better you should have this as soon as possible.  My Sore throat is not quite well and I intend stopping here a few days.
Read me a lesson, Muse, and speak it loud
Upon the top of Nevis, blind in mist!
I look into the chasms, and a shroud
Vapourous doth hide them, - just so much I wist
Mankind do know of hell; I look o'erhead,
And there is sullen mist, - even so much
Mankind can tell of heaven; mist is spread
Before the earth, beneath me, - even such,
Even so vague is man's sight of himself!
Here are the craggy stones beneath my feat, -
Thus much I know that, a poor witless elf,
I tread on them, - that all my eye doth meet
Is mist and crag, not only on this height,
But in the world of thought and mental might!

Good-bye till to morrow.
Your most affectionate Brother

John -

Editor's NotesFrom "Letters of John Keats," ed by Sidney Colvin, 1891.  The date of the poet's ascent, August 2nd, just so happens to coincide with the date 183 years later that the Clan Cameron Association Ben Nevis Ascent took place.  Conditions on The Ben were quite similar...