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Dr. Archibald Cameron's Memorial Concerning the Locharkaig Treasure
(Stuart Papers, Vol. 300, No. 80)
circa 1750

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Ane Accompt of 35,000 Louis D'ors sent from France and landed on the West Highlands of Scotland the beginning of May, 1746 by order of Sr. Thomas Sheridan1 and Mr. Murray2 Secretary to H. Royal Highness and taken in charge by Murray who continued in the Countrey as it was then resolved to goe again to arms 35,000

Stollen in time of landing when the French vessels that carry'd it was ingaged with English Men of war by a fellow who went abroad in one of those ships whose name was conceal'd by the Priest who had it from him in confession 800
Given by Mr. Murray to diferent Corps of the Army for arrears due some months before; also towards charges in bringing up their men to a Rendevous against a day apointed according to concert. 4,200
Carryd south by Mr. Murray and lodged in Mr. McDouels3 hand att Edr. 3,000
H.R. Highness in Sepr. 1746 brought abroad 3,000


Remains after subtracting the 11,000 out of the 35,000 24,000
which 24,000 Louis was given in charge by H.R.H. to Clunie and Angus Cameron Brother to Glenevis was desired to be ane assistant trusted under Clunie being his neighbour.  Clunie was to remove the money to his own Countrey after parting with H.H. the Acct. of which will best apear by the subjoined Copy of one sent by Cluny the original haveing been shown to His Majesty.

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Copy of Clunies Acct.4 of the 24,000

To diferent setts of people as per particular directions in writeing 750
In Angus Camerons hand 3,000
To John Cameron of Fasfern to pay of the by run Cess and stipens of Locheils Estate 350
Given to some of my own friends first on account of my own safety and next on account that the houses of severalls of them were burned and their cattle carryed away, I was necessitate to layout the following sume upon them to keep them in good humour, for all the Countreys in Scotland that were concerned in this afair, were turned my Enemys, on account of their being strongly impressed, that all H. Hs money had been left in my Custody with particular orders from himself to divide and distribute it amongst such as were concerned in his cause, but in place of answer H. Highnesses directions and as every thing had turned out wrong, I was (as they aprehended) to keep and retain all for my own private use, and a great many of the people have even to this day the same uncharitable and unjust notion runing in their heads by being on this unlucky situation I durst not venture to shelter or sculk among such as were formerly my friends yea my relations and well wishers, and it may be judged had I been lost my whole trust and charge had gone alongst with me att the same time I have taken bills for the throng of the money, not knowing but the same might be hereafter demanded, Inde 500
To Fasfern for his expences and in order to enable him to lable the claims upon Locheils Estate 100
To Major Kenedy5 6,000
To McPherson of Breachacky6 who went with the money to Kenedy 600
Exausted in suport of myself, necessary servants, Secretarys, and trustees, and for the subsistance of my Wife, Family and Children for the space of four years 1,200
To intaick in the money and part of it that was lost and never recovered 481



Page 3 (containing the beginning of Dr. Archibald Cameron's memorial, is missing)

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Being importuned by repeated invitations att diferent times, by Clunie and Fasfern Locheils Brother, Archie Cameron consented to goe that dangerous journey but first in March 1749 sent to Cluny for charges to goe to Rome to aply to H. Majesty for some of the money in Scotland to relieve Locheils afairs, that misgiveing, he went in September thereafter to Scotland, Clunie would not see him untill he would bring his Brother Fasfern to the meeting, which was done, and Clunie came to Gerarie ten miles to the southward to meet them, Clunie asked Archie if he had orders from the King or Prince about money, for Locheil or him, the other answer'd he had not, Clunie said he had remaining 11,000 Louis, of which he thought he should have 5,000 and 6,000 to be lodged in Fasferns hands as he was torn to pieces by the Countrey about that money he would keep none of it, but what he would take for himself for the most of which he had the Princes allowance in writeing.  Archie proposed that Clunie should either retain all in his own hands or put part in his, and give him charges to H. Majesty in hopes to obtain orders to have it aplyd as above, but Clunie would have 6,000 lodged with Fasfern except 300 Louis he sent for which was given Archie as his charges, to lay the afair before The King, who he was convinced would aprove of it, as the neighbours had their Estates and could recover their clan from poverty thorow time as being under themselves, which was not the case with Locheil and him, he ownd indeed there was but few of his people whose efects was taken, but that was not the case with Locheils clan who were in general plunderd by the troops, being numerous and many of good substance the loss was the greater and att that very time the Government Factors were raiseing what efects the tennants [torn] for the past four years rents, it was thought that it would be for the Kings interest as well theirs that there should be a fund towards pleaing for the Estates, failing of that for laying in claims of debts, and failing of that att second hand to purchase either a part of their own Estate or a little ground near their clan as the only means to keep a family in being.

Clunie proposed to Archie as he had taken upon him the retaining 5,000 for himself that Archie should give him a letter as if he had taken the 6,000 designed for Locheil att his own hand out of the place Archie knew the money lay formerly in, which Archie was so well natured as to do, as Clunie was only to show it to the King if needfull, and Archie was going directly to H. Majesty with ane account of all, the real fact is that Archie did not know where Clunie removed the money to after the Prince came abroad as apears by Clunies acct. sent the King, further severals who were present knows that Archie saw none except the 300 Louis Clunie sent for and that Archie parted with Clunie and came south, Clunie brought Fasfern north to receive the 5700 Louis, this is what will turn out true.


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It would be tedious and oficious to trouble H. Majesty with all the arguments recommended by Clunie and Fasfern to be used to convince H.M. that the aplication of the remaining part of that money, to help to keep and suport the Chiefs of Locheils and Clunies familys, att the head of their Clans, would be a means to keep them in a body together, fitt to serve the King thereafter, as well as thrive themselves, Clunie desires it should be represented that H.R. Highness att parting as well as before was so good as promise him and others, in case H.H. did not soon receive succours to invade Brittain, that none of that money ever should be taken out of Scotland but given to the greatest suferers, therefore he hopes H. Majesty will aprove of what he has done with the 11,000 Louis.



In Octr. 1749 Glengarry wanted much to see Archie Cameron who then was newly come from Scotland upon pressing bussiness from the King, att meeting Glengarry said he had a letter from H. Majesty directing him to go to Scotland and know if the highland Chiefs and others would join for the King in case a number of troops (I think six thousand) which were offerd H. Majesty should land with arms and money, att the same time had power to raise what money was in Clunies hands to carry on the Kings service which he said must still be a good sum, upon his promiseing to show the Kings letter Archie Cameron gave him a letter to Clunie aproveing of ane attempt by the Kings direction upon Brittain, then Glengarry told him he had sent the Kings letter and all his papers, the day before to Paris to Sr. Hector (MacLean), he sent to my Lord Glencarty,7 desiring his Lordshipe to preingage his friends in England for the Kings service, he met Fasfern and Clunie in December in diferent places and showed them his credentialls from the King, and said he had orders to take accompt of the money, as well as the Kings cause which was the afair of consequence he was about, Breackachy Clunies Brother in law some little time thereafter att Edr. Told Fasfern that Glengarry thorow the faith of his credentiall got 300 Louis from Clunie, and six hundred Louis from Angus Cameron, Clunies trustee who was mentioned by Clunie in his accompt as removed money unknown to Clunie those accounts are lately by letters from Clunie and Fasfern.  

1 Thomas Sheridan, Titular Bt.; tutor to Charles Edward at Rome; out in the '15 and the' 45; son of the Thomas Sheridan who was secretary to James II.; died at Rome, 1746.

2 John Murray of Broughton, who became Jacobite Agent in Scotland on Col. James Urquhart's death and acted as Charles Edward's Secretary during the' 45; turned King's evidence when brought to trial.

3 William MacDougall, a wine merchant in Edinburgh and brother-in-law of John Murray of Broughton,

4 The original of this account, made by Cluny, was dated 22nd Sept.1749. See Stuart Papers, vol. 350, no. 50.

5 Major Kennedy, alias Thomas Newton; one of Charles Edward's chief agents for the recovery of the Treasure.

6 Brother-in-law of Macpherson of Cluny.

7 Robert MacCarthy, but for the attainder 5th Earl of Clancarty and 3rd Viscount Muskerry; Governor of Newfoundland 1733-35; went to France and adopted the Jacobite cause in 1741; died 1769; his most usual alias was John Elliot.

Editor's Notes: Though unsigned, this document, in Dr. Archie's handwriting,  is thought to have been written during his time in Rome, in the spring of 1750.

Also see: The Locharkaig Treasure, by Marion F. Hamilton (Miscellany of the Scottish History Society, vol. 7, 1941)